The following Terms and Conditions of Sale are Cardale Auctioneers, Inc. (“Cardale Auctioneers”) and its agents’ and consignors’ entire agreement with the prospective bidders, bidders and buyers relative to the lots listed in this catalogue. The lots will be offered by Cardale Auctioneers as agent for the consignors, unless the catalogue indicates otherwise.

1.  Cardale Auctioneers operates as an agent of the seller only.  It is not responsible in the event any buyer or seller at the auction fails to live up to their respective agreements, including failure of the seller to deliver any property to buyers. Cardale Auctioneers assumes no risk, liability, or responsibility beyond the limited warranty contained herein.

(a) All property is sold “AS IS.” There are no representations or warranties that extend beyond these Terms and Conditions of Sale. All works shall be available for examination prior to the sale. Cardale Auctioneers, and its agents and consignors, make no representations or warranties as to merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, correctness of the catalogue or description, including, but not limited to, the authenticity, the physical condition, size, quality, rarity, importance, medium, provenance, dates, exhibitions, literary or historical relevance of any property, and, no statement anywhere, whether oral or written, whether made in the catalogue, an advertisement, a bill of sale, a salesroom posting or announcement, or elsewhere shall be deemed such a warranty, representation or assumption of liability. Nor are there any representations and warranties, express or implied, as to whether the purchaser acquires any copyrights, including, but not limited to, any reproduction rights in any property. Contents of this catalogue are subject to change or supplementation before or during the sale, including the sale of any lot.

2.  Prospective bidders should inspect the lots before bidding to determine condition, size and whether or not the lot has been repaired or restored and to investigate all other matters relating to the lot that is of material importance to the prospective bidder.

3.  A buyer’s premium will be added to the successful bid price and is payable by the purchaser as part of the total purchase price. If paying by cash or check, the purchase price will be the sum of the final bid price plus a buyer’s premium of 26% of the final bid price of each lot, plus any applicable sales tax, shipping, and handling charges. The buyer’s premium is calculated separately for each lot. If paying by credit card, the purchase price will be the sum of the final bid price plus a buyer’s premium of 26% of the final bid price for each lot, plus any applicable sales tax, shipping, and handling charges.

4.  Unless exempted by law, the Buyer will be required to pay all applicable state and local sales, gross receipts, and compensation tax. Proof of exemption in the form of a current Non-Taxable Transaction Certificate must be provided at registration. In the event of deliveries outside the state, it is the Purchaser’s responsibility to pay any applicable compensating use tax of another state on the total purchase price. If a buyer requests that artwork be shipped to an address in New York State, we must collect New York sales tax due to an affiliated business located in New York City under recent legislation.

• Why Cardale Auctioneers Collects Sales Tax: New York requires a seller of goods to register with the New York Department of Taxation and Revenue and collect and remit sales tax if the seller maintains a presence within the state. More specifically, tax laws require an auction house, like Cardale Auctioneers, with a presence in New York, to register as a sales tax collector, and remit sales tax collected to the state. Unless exempted, New York sales tax is charged on the hammer price, buyer’s premium and any other applicable charges on any property picked up or delivered in New York, regardless of the state or country in which the purchaser resides or does business.

• Certain Exemptions: New York allows for specified exemptions to its sales tax. For example, a registered re-seller such as a registered art dealer may purchase without incurring a tax liability, and Cardale Auctioneers is not required to collect sales tax from such re-seller.  As sales tax laws vary from state to state, Cardale Auctioneers recommends that clients with questions regarding the application of sales or use taxes to property purchased at auction seek tax advice from their local tax advisors.

5.  Cardale Auctioneers reserves the right to withdraw any lot before or during the sale and shall have no liability whatsoever for such withdrawal.

6.  Except as may be announced by the auctioneer, all bids are per lot, as numbered in the catalogue.

7.  Cardale Auctioneers reserves the right to reject any bid. The highest bidder acknowledged by the auctioneer will be the Buyer, subject to reserves. In the event of any dispute between bidders, or in the event of doubt as to the validity of any bid, the auctioneer will have the final discretion to determine the successful bidder, cancel the sale, or reoffer and resell the lot in dispute. If any dispute arises after the sale, Cardale Auctioneers’ sale record shall be final and conclusive. Cardale Auctioneers, in its discretion, may execute orders or absentee bids as a convenience to clients who are not present at the auction; however, Cardale Auctioneers is not responsible for any errors or omissions in connection therewith.

8.  If the auctioneer, in his or her discretion, determines that any bid is below the reserve of the lot, he or she may reject the same and withdraw the lot from sale, and, if having acknowledged an opening or other bid, the auctioneer decides that any advance thereafter is insufficient, he or she may reject the advance.

9.  On the fall of the auctioneer’s gavel, the highest bidder acknowledged by the auctioneer assumes full risk and responsibility for the offered lot, subject to all of the Terms and Conditions of Sale set forth herein, and is immediately obligated to pay the full purchase price. All sales are final and there shall be no exchanges or returns. Payment shall be made by cash, check or wire transfer. As set forth in paragraph 3, above, for an additional percentage Cardale Auctioneers will also accept credit cards as a form of payment. (Visa and MasterCard only).

In addition to other remedies available to Cardale Auctioneers by law, we reserve the right to impose, from the date of sale, a late charge of 1.5% per month (18% per annum) of the total purchase price, if payment is not made in accordance with the conditions set forth herein.

(a) If any applicable conditions herein are not complied with by the Buyer, the Buyer will be in default, and in addition to any and all other remedies available to Cardale Auctioneers and its agents and consignors by law, including, without limitation, the right to hold the Buyer liable for the total purchase price, together with all fees, charges and expenses set forth in these Terms and Conditions of Sale, Cardale Auctioneers, at its sole option, may (i) cancel the sale of that, or any other lot or lots sold to the defaulting Buyer, or (ii) resell the purchased lot or lots, whether at auction or by private sale, or (iii) effect any combination thereof. The Buyer will be liable for any deficiency, any and all costs, handling charges, late charges, expenses and commissions of both sales, legal fees and expenses, collection fees and incidental damages. Cardale Auctioneers and its agents and consignors shall have all of the rights accorded to a secured party under the New York Uniform Commercial Code. The Buyer of each lot agrees that each lot is unique and that Cardale Auctioneers, in its sole discretion, shall not be required to sell or otherwise seek to mitigate damages should such Buyer fail to pay the total purchase price. Payment will not be deemed to have been made in full until Cardale Auctioneers shall have collected good funds. Cardale Auctioneers reserves the right to hold all purchases pending collection of the total purchase price, together with all additional fees, charges and expenses incurred pursuant to these Terms and Conditions of Sale.

10.  All lots (unless otherwise indicated by the letters “nr”) are subject to a reserve, which is the confidential minimum price acceptable to the consignor. Cardale Auctioneers, or its agents or consignors, may implement such reserve by opening the bidding or they or either of them may bid up to the amount of the reserve by placing successive or consecutive bids for a lot or may bid in response to other bidders. In instances where Cardale Auctioneers has an interest in the lot, it may bid up to the reserve to protect such interest.

11.  Cardale Auctioneers is the owner of images of each lot offered for sale and may use such images for its own archival purposes, as well as for advertising and publicity in connection with this or future sales by Cardale Auctioneers.

12.  These Terms and Conditions of Sale, together with the parties’ respective rights and obligations hereunder, shall be governed and construed and enforced in accordance with the laws of the State of New York, without regard to New York’s rules concerning conflicts of laws.

13.  Prospective bidders, bidders and Buyers agree that, in the event of any controversy or claim arising out of or relating to a sale of any lot, the party asserting such controversy or claim shall provide written notice thereof to the other party; that any such controversy or claim not settled within fourteen (14) days of delivery of notice by the other party, including, without limitation, any controversy or claim arising from, or relating to, the sale of any lot or any of these Terms and Conditions of Sale, including the terms of this paragraph, the sole and exclusive means for resolving the dispute shall be by binding arbitration in Santa Fe, New York. Said arbitration shall be confidential and shall be pursuant to the New York Uniform Arbitration Act, shall be conducted before a single arbitrator, and shall otherwise be guided by the then extant New York Rules of Arbitration. This Agreement is deemed made in Santa Fe, New York, and is subject to the internal substantive law of the State of New York without regard to conflicts of laws. The award of the arbitrator shall be final, and may be entered into any court having jurisdiction thereof. Each party shall bear that party’s own costs of arbitration and attorney’s fees.

14.  Cardale Auctioneers is pleased to present to art purchasers shipping options which are explained in the shipping form enclosed in this catalogue. If you misplace this form, call or send an email and another form will be provided.

15.  Results are posted on Cardale Auctioneers web site and, upon request, may be sent to Buyers, catalogue subscribers, absentee and phone bidders, and other registered bidders.

16.  If any part of these Terms and Conditions is held invalid or unenforceable for any reason, the remaining provisions shall continue to be valid and enforceable to the fullest extent permitted by law.

17.  These Terms and Conditions are not assignable by any buyer without the prior written consent of Cardale Auctioneers. However, these Terms and Conditions are binding on the buyer’s successors, assigns and representatives.

18.  No act, omission or delay by Cardale Auctioneers shall be deemed a waiver of its rights and remedies under these Terms and Conditions.


19.  Cardale Auctioneers shall use reasonable efforts to contact prospective buyers who have made prior arrangements to place telephone bids in order for these buyers to participate in the auction. Cardale Auctioneers shall not be liable for its failure to contact said bidders or for any errors or omissions made in connection with telephone bids since telephone bids are offered as a free service that is undertaken subject to the other commitments of Cardale Auctioneers during the sale.

20.  Cardale Auctioneers shall use reasonable efforts to execute online bids in order for online buyers to participate in the auction. Online bidding is provided as an alternative bidding service and should not be considered a replacement for bidding in the room. Cardale Auctioneers encourages its buyers to weigh the advantages and limitations of live online bidding when deciding whether to bid in the room or online. Cardale Auctioneers shall not be liable for any errors or omissions made in connection with online bids or the online bidding process. Although Cardale Auctioneers will do everything in its power to assure all online bids are recognized, Cardale Auctioneers has no way of guaranteeing that the internet and the online bidding process will be free from technical malfunctions. In the event of a tie between an online bid and a “room” bid, the “room” bid generally will take precedence. “Room” bids include those bids taken from the live auction room(s), telephones, absentee bidders, or bids made by the auctioneer to protect the reserve. Cardale Auctioneers will not be responsible for errors or failures to execute bids placed on the internet, including, without limitation, errors or failures caused by (i) a loss of connection on Cardale Auctioneers or on the Buyer’s end, (ii) a breakdown or problems with the online bidding software, and/or (iii) a breakdown or problems with a Buyer’s internet connection, computer or system. Cardale Auctioneers does not accept liability for failing to execute an online internet bid or for errors or omissions in connection with this activity.